IMI Interdisciplinary Mathematics InstituteCollege of Arts and Sciences

Toric Geometry of the Cavender-Farris-Neyman Model with a Molecular Clock

  • Feb. 5, 2021
  • 2:30 p.m.

Abstract

Many important models in phylogenetics can be viewed as toric varieties after a linear change of coordinates. This allows us to use combinatorial techniques to analyze these phylogenetic models. In this talk, we will discuss recent work with Seth Sullivant on the toric ideal of phylogenetic invariants of the Cavender-Farris-Neyman model with a molecular clock along a rooted binary phylogenetic tree. We give both vertex and facet descriptions of the polytope associated to this toric ideal, and show that the ideal has a Groebner basis consisting of quadratic binomials with squarefree leading terms. We also compute the degree and Hilbert series of the associated variety using the Ehrhart theory of the underlying polytope. This polytope is affinely isomorphic to the order polytope of the zig-zag poset; so we give a family of shellings for the canonical triangulation of this order polytope in order to give a combinatorial interpretation for its h*-polynomial.

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